Yıl:2016   Cilt: 6   Sayı: 1   Alan: Mimarlık

  1. Anasayfa
  2. Makale Listesi
  3. ID: 10

Cihan ERÇETİN

Syrian Refugees in Tent Cities and Urban Centers in Turkey: Their Housing, Livelihood, Culture, Informal Economy and Social-Physical Infrastructure

The inner war in Syria has resulted in removal of Syrian people from their homeland to surrounding countries. The political conflict between different groups including Syrian government and opponent forces on one single geographical land has made Northern Syria a non-livable place for its own local people. As a result, more than one million people have left their houses, cultures and jobs as refugees having the hope to be hosted in one of the neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and mostly Turkey. The reason why Syrian refugees have mostly preferred Turkey as their temporary homeland is that Turkey is a much more politically stable and owns a positive and welcoming attitude towards refugees. In terms of urban anthropology, refugees in Turkey will be examined to reveal not just being refugee for Syrians, but also to reveal what kind of a life style they own and how they live apart from their main homeland. In this study, firstly the term -refugee- will be described mentioning how being refugee can be and how they have chosen to be refugee. Later on, the condition in Syria will be noted in terms of the reasons for displacement of Syrian people. Finally, the anthropological analysis will be carried out in some certain titles which are; housing (sheltering needs), livelihood (what kind of jobs they have in order to maintain their lives), and their social-physical infrastructure (education, health, leisure time needs). In the end, some concluding remarks will be presented critically.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Refugee, Syria, Tent City, Housing, Anthropology


Syrian Refugees in Tent Cities and Urban Centers in Turkey: Their Housing, Livelihood, Culture, Informal Economy and Social-Physical Infrastructure

The inner war in Syria has resulted in removal of Syrian people from their homeland to surrounding countries. The political conflict between different groups including Syrian government and opponent forces on one single geographical land has made Northern Syria a non-livable place for its own local people. As a result, more than one million people have left their houses, cultures and jobs as refugees having the hope to be hosted in one of the neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and mostly Turkey. The reason why Syrian refugees have mostly preferred Turkey as their temporary homeland is that Turkey is a much more politically stable and owns a positive and welcoming attitude towards refugees. In terms of urban anthropology, refugees in Turkey will be examined to reveal not just being refugee for Syrians, but also to reveal what kind of a life style they own and how they live apart from their main homeland. In this study, firstly the term -refugee- will be described mentioning how being refugee can be and how they have chosen to be refugee. Later on, the condition in Syria will be noted in terms of the reasons for displacement of Syrian people. Finally, the anthropological analysis will be carried out in some certain titles which are; housing (sheltering needs), livelihood (what kind of jobs they have in order to maintain their lives), and their social-physical infrastructure (education, health, leisure time needs). In the end, some concluding remarks will be presented critically.

Keywords: Refugee, Syria, Tent City, Housing, Anthropology


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